The current emission reduction pledges that governments have put put forward are inadequate to keep global warming below the 2°C threshold agreed. What is currently on the table will lead to a world that is going to be at least 2.7°C degrees warmer. In such a world, frequent floods and droughts, water and food scarcity, increasing numbers of refugees, conflicts, and irreversible damage to ecosystems, economies and livelihoods will become a daily reality.

The Paris summit will not alone be able to provide a full answer to the climate crisis, but it has to increase our chances to limit climate change to below 1.5°C and 2°C. The EU needs to be instrumental in that progress. It should advocate for a meaningful Paris agreement, which will provide us with a much-needed action plan to speed up the decarbonisation of the global economy.

Read our full position on the EU’s role in Paris climate negotiations here

IN ORDER TO BE A REAL DEAL MAKER IN PARIS, THE EU NEEDS TO:

ESTABLISH A LONG TERM GOAL

  • Advocate for a goal to phase-out fossil fuel emissions and phase-in 100% renewables globally by 2050 to be included in the Paris agreement.

BOOST THE EU’S EMISSION REDUCTION PLEDGE

  • Increase the target of at least 40% emission reduction by 2030, which forms the EU’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the Paris agreement, to at least 55%. Read our policy briefing on the inadequacy of the 40% target here
  • Translate the 2030 target into a commitment for 2025 as well, because short, five-year commitment periods are the best tool to regularly increase ambition.

TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION

  • Boost ambition of its climate efforts already before 2020, when the Paris agreement will enter into force, including a phase out of fossil fuel subsidies, cancellation of surplus allowances in the EU ETS and implementation of existing legislation on energy efficiency and renewable energy
  • The EU’s domestic emissions have already last year fell to -23% below 1990 level, and will most likely go down to -30% by 2020. The EU should be able to easily show leadership in Paris by committing to a -30% target by 2020.


TACKLE CLIMATE FINANCE

  • Deliver the EU’s fair share of the $100 billion a year in climate finance promised by 2020. The EU and its Member States should ensure that financial contributions are providing additional benefits for impacted developing countries,  and not a mere accounting exercise for existing flows of finance.

  • Advocate for a strong climate finance package that guarantees to continue and scale up the provision of new and additional public climate finance, for both adaptation and mitigation after 2020.

  • Ensure that the Paris agreement stimulates a shift in all financial flows and investments away from fossil fuels and into renewable energy, e.g. by providing impetus to a phase out of fossil fuel subsidies already before 2020. Read our briefing on ending fossil fuel subsidies

ADDRESS OTHER ISSUES

  • Ensure that possible use of carbon market mechanisms to reduce emissions is allowed only if they deliver real, additional, internationally verifiable and permanent cuts.  More information: http://carbonmarketwatch.org/

  • Firmly support a human rights based approach in the Paris climate agreement. Check out www.cidse.org

  • Advocate for an inclusion of a long term adaptation goal, which would link levels of emissions to levels of adaptation actions, and the issue of loss and damage in the Paris agreement; advocate for allocating specific public funding for adaptation and loss and damage. More information: http://www.care.org/

  • Make use of synergies between international climate negotiations and other global processes, such as Sustainable Development Goals or Montreal Protocol negotiations. See also this report by WWF and CARE.